There are many moles in the human body. A person can have numerous moles of various sizes. These moles can be brown, black, or blue, and they can also be a combination of multiple colors. Moles can either be raised from the skin or at the same level as the skin. There are certain criteria that need to be met for the surgical removal of moles.
The necessary criteria for the surgical removal of moles are as follows:
Size: Those larger than 5 mm in diameter
Color: Black moles or those with multiple colors including brown-black
Border: Those with irregular, indefinite, or blurred borders
Bleeding: Moles that have developed a wound or tend to bleed
Redness: Moles surrounded by redness
Irritation: Moles that are frequently irritated (in areas such as within the hair, under clothing straps, or collar regions)
Dark-colored moles carry a low risk of transforming into cancer. The main problem lies in the uncertainty of moles’ potential to develop into skin cancer and the difficulty in detecting this transformation. Suspicious moles that are deemed risky in patients are surgically removed based on the aforementioned criteria and clinical experience. They are then sent for pathological examination.
One of the common misconceptions regarding moles is that their surgical removal can cause cancer. This is one of the biggest and most dangerous misconceptions. Scientifically, it is not possible for surgical procedures to cause cancer.
Individuals with a large number of moles, those frequently exposed to the sun, and those with fair skin should visit a doctor (Plastic Surgeon or Dermatologist) at regular intervals for check-ups. After a doctor’s evaluation, moles with indications should be surgically removed.
The depletion of the ozone layer in the atmosphere and the deterioration of environmental conditions (increase in carcinogenic waste and substances) have significantly increased the incidence of skin cancer.